Acne Treatment

acne beforeAcne is the most common skin condition in the United States. It affects children, teenagers and more adults than ever before. Although the American Academy of Dermatology is not sure why so many adults are faced with acne, the condition can be emotionally overwhelming. This leads both teenagers and young adults to seek treatment programs.

Acne appears when a pore in our skin clogs. This clog begins with dead skin cells. Normally, dead skin cells rise to surface of the pore, and the body sheds the cells. When the body starts to make lots of sebum (see-bum), oil that keeps our skin from drying out, the dead skin cells can stick together inside the pore. Instead of rising to the surface, the cells become trapped inside the pore.

Sometimes bacteria that live on our skin, p. acnes, also get inside the clogged pore. Inside the pore, the bacteria have a perfect environment for multiplying very quickly. With loads of bacteria inside, the pore becomes inflamed (red and swollen). If the inflammation goes deep into the skin, an acne cyst or nodule appears.

Treatment options for acne have changed dramatically over the years. In the past years many acne afterpatients were treated with sun lamps to help control their acne, but with increased knowledge about skin cancers, this practice has since concluded. Currently, patients are often treated with first line therapies of topical antibiotics and keratolytic agents to help reduce bacteria on the surface of the skin, and to open clogged pores. If patients have more inflammatory acne, we often will use oral antibiotics to help reduce bacteria.

Additional treatment options for patients, or adjunctive treatment options to speed up their response include Microdermabrasion, Chemical Peels, Clarisonic Skin Cleansing Brush, Intense Pulsed Light, Intra-lesional Kenalog Injections, Extractions, Dermaplaning, Nutritional Alterations, Supplements, Jane Iredale Make-up, and Professional Skin Care Products (VI Derm, IS Clinical, and Hylunia). One or a combination of these additional treatment options can aid in speeding up the healing and recovery time